This is the Computer Fundamental Notes portion here we are focus on Generation of Computer under computer fundamental notes.
Classification of computer in different time period on the basis of their technological development is known as Generation of Computer. There are five ‘5’ generation of computer which is mention below.
Table of Contents
First Generation Computer (1940-1950)
Magnetic Drums, Magnetic Tapes
Very Slow (Measured in Millisecond)
ENIAC, EDSAC, EDVAC, IBM-650,702,705
Second Generation of Computer (1950-1960)
Smaller Compare to 1st generation
Magnetic core memories
Faster (Measured in Microsecond)
IBM 7000, ATLAS, MARK-III, Honeywell-200
Third Generation of Computer (1960-1970)
Integrated Circuits (IC)
Punched Card, Keyboard
Semi Conductor Memory, Magnetic Disk, Magnetic Tape
Smaller compare to previous generation
Faster compare to pervious generation (Measured in Nanosecond)
Used Operating System
IBM 360, ICL 2900
Fourth Generation Computer (1970 to Present)
Keyboard, Mouse, Scanner, Digitizer
Paper, Monitor, Printer, Plotter
Semiconductor Memory, Magnetic or Optical Disk (CD/DVD)
Smaller than third generation computer
Faster then third generation computer (Picoseconds)
Pentium Series computers, IBM System 370, HP- 3000
Fifth Generation Computer
Will be based on Biochips
Will have Artificial Intelligence (AI)
Will have ability to solve problem themselves
Will recognize voice, image etc.
These computer have larger memory requirements.
They try to simulate the human way of thinking and reasoning.